J35A Draken 3D

J35A

This program/app includes 3D-images, depicting J35A Draken. The first version of a classical Swedish fighter.
 Download HERE.

 

BACKGROUND

1949, before J29 Tunnan was in service, a Swedish Airforce specification to construct a new fighter, was handed over to Saab. It should be able to fly Mach 1.5, intercepting bombers at high altitude. It should have then been driven by the Swedish engine Glan. Later (no surprise), demand for low altitude performance, was added. Early was there several propositions. One looked like a pilot-only, slimmer 32 Lansen. Another more of a Mig-21. The most promising shape came though to be the double-delta. The military insisted then, that the fighter should in any case have a tailplane. Saab starts then to produce false drawings, to show at occasions. This until they convinced the costumer.

The new double-delta shape, was tested with models, but also with a small aircraft Saab 210 Draken (not named by Saab). This later called Lilldraken (lill short for lilla=little). Draken in this case translates into kite. Can also be dragon. Tunnan, Lansen and Draken had all names referring to their shape. Viggen and Gripen came from mythology. As seen above may Draken be placed in both categories.

3 prototypes of what become J35, was ordered in 1953. Now with Rolls-Royce Avon engines. The maiden flight was 23 October 1955.

 

FIRST VERSION


The first delivery of J35A was in 1959, this to F13 Wing (Norrköping). In a hurry, as the first came without any radar. Later J35A got French Cyrano (Mirage III). The Ericsson radar was delayed. The avionics of A became something of take what you have quickly. Even J35B had to wait for much of its then more advanced equipment. Electronics in those days took leaps forward, and the Airforce had trouble to make decisions.

The first J35A had a short tail (afterburner ebk 65). When ebk 66 was introduced the ending of the fuselage had to be extended. A retractable tailwheel was also added. Some of the short aircrafts was later converted to trainers.

In 1960 came the first accident, with what was to be named a superstall (high angle of attack, speed forward dies). Something similar had once happened with Lilldraken (happy ending). Then not taking it seriously, as seen as unusual behavior. In 1961-63, a substantial number of testflights, including superstalls was recorded. Also models in scale 1:6.5 was dropped from helicopters. This even in England. The results of this was instructions to the pilots, that took control over the problem.

 

FURTHER DEVELOPMENT

The first J35B flight was in 1959. This version had Ericsson PS-03 radar, and Saab S7 sight for collision course intercepts. But this equipment was delayed, and not mounted until afterwards. Externally was the J35B very similar to A. The 14 of January 1960 flew a prototype Mach 2. SK35C was a trainer, made from converted J35A.

J35D had a Roll-Royce 300 powerplant, almost 8000 kp with Swedish afterburner ebk67. Draken was now able to fly Mach 2, climb 15000 meter per minute clean, 12000 with missiles, and reach a ceiling of 20000 m. S35E was a reconnaissance-version, based on D. No radar or armament, relaying on speed.

J35F was a further development of D, with hotter avionics, and Hughes Falcon missiles. Regarded for some time, as the most advanced allweather-fighter of European design. From 1986 were 66 J35F upgraded to J35J. The only surviving Swedish Draken-Wing was then F10. J is the tenth character in the alphabet. In total had the Swedish Airforce (Flygvapnet) 540-550 Drakens in service. J35 was exported to Denmark, Finland and  Austria. Most of the Finnish, and all of the Austrian, were though modified second-hand ones.

 

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©Jan Lindström 2020-2021